What do hedgehogs eat? A complete guide to hedgehog food.

hedgehog feeding - what can hedgehogs eat.

Welcome, fellow hedgehog owners! If you’re finding for a comprehensive guide to feeding your prickly friend, you’ve come to the right place. As responsible pet owners, we all want to ensure our pets get the best nutrition to help them live happy and healthy lives. However, regarding hedgehogs, some essential things must be remembered to ensure they get the right balance of nutrients. In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about feeding your hedgehog, from the best types of food to how often to feed them. So, let’s get started on this exciting journey of learning and caring for your hedgehog’s nutritional needs!

 What do Hedgehogs Eat?

Let’s discuss what hedgehogs eat and how often they should be fed to ensure they receive proper nutrition.

 Understanding a Hedgehog’s Diet

A hedgehog’s diet consists of two main types of food: protein and fiber. In the wild, hedgehogs eat insects, worms, snails, and slugs, which provide them with protein. They also consume fruits, vegetables, and grains, which are sources of fiber. When it comes to feeding your pet hedgehog, you must provide a balanced diet that includes protein and fiber.


Protein is essential for a hedgehog’s growth and overall health. As an owner, you must ensure your hedgehog gets enough protein in its diet. Some of the best sources of protein for hedgehogs include:

  • High-quality cat food (wet or dry)
  • Cooked chicken, turkey, or beef
  • Mealworms
  • Crickets
  • Hard-boiled eggs

When feeding your hedgehog protein, it’s essential to ensure it’s not too high in fat. High-fat diets can lead to obesity, which can cause health problems for your pet.


Fiber is also essential for a hedgehog’s digestive health. In the wild, hedgehogs consume fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and grains. Some of the best and excellent sources of fiber for your pet hedgehog include:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Apples
  • Berries
  • Green beans
  • Peas
  • Oatmeal

When feeding your hedgehog fiber, it’s essential to ensure it’s not too high in sugar. High-sugar diets can lead to obesity and dental problems for your pet.

 How Often Should You Feed Your Hedgehog?

Now that you understand what hedgehogs eat let’s discuss how often you should feed your pet. Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and are most active at night. They typically eat small meals throughout the night, so it’s essential to provide food for them at all times.

Generally, you should provide your hedgehog with 1-2 tablespoons of food per day. This should be split into multiple meals throughout the night to mimic their natural feeding habits. If they are active, you can also provide your hedgehog with a small amount of food during the day.

It is essential to monitor your hedgehog’s weight and adjust its feeding schedule as necessary. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, fatness and health problems, while underfeeding can lead to malnutrition, hunger and health problems.

 What Foods Should You Avoid Feeding Your Hedgehog?

While hedgehogs can eat a variety of foods, there are some foods that you should need to avoid feeding them. These include:

  • Citrus fruits
  • Avocado
  • Chocolate
  • Dairy products
  • Raw meat
  • Processed foods
  • High-sugar foods

These foods can harm your hedgehog’s health and should be avoided.

 The Essential Nutrients that your Hedgehog Needs to Stay Healthy

Hedgehogs are insectivorous, which means that they mainly eat insects. In the wild, their diet contains insects, worms, snails, and other small creatures. However, as pets, their diet is a bit different. They require a balanced diet to ensure they receive all the nutrients required for their growth, development, and overall well-being.


Proteins serve you like building blocks of life, and hedgehogs require high protein in their diet. Protein is necessary for muscle development, tissue repair, and growth. A lack of protein in their diet could lead to muscle atrophy, weight loss, and other health problems.


Fats are another essential nutrient that hedgehogs need to stay healthy. Fats provide a source of energy and are necessary to absorb specific vitamins. However, too much fat in their diet could lead to obesity and other health problems. Therefore, ensuring that your hedgehog’s diet contains the right amount of fat is essential.


Carbohydrates provide a source of energy and are necessary for proper digestion. However, hedgehogs require a limited amount of carbohydrates in their diet. Too many carbohydrates could lead to weight gain, leading to obesity and other health problems.


Vitamins are essential nutrients that hedgehogs need to stay healthy. Vitamins are necessary for various bodily functions such as metabolism, the immune system, and vision. Hedgehogs require vitamins A, B, C, D, and E.


Minerals are Important for various bodily functions such as muscle contraction, nerve function, and bone development. Hedgehogs require minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron in their diet.


Water is vital for all living organisms, and hedgehogs are no exception. Hedgehogs require access to fresh, clean water at all times. Dehydration could lead to various health problems like kidney failure, constipation, and lethargy.

 Commercial Hedgehog Food

Commercial hedgehog food is a great way to ensure that your hedgehog receives all the necessary nutrients. However, not all commercial hedgehog food is created equal. It is essential to read the labels carefully and ensure that the food contains the nutrients your hedgehog needs.

 Homemade Hedgehog Food

Homemade hedgehog food is another option for hedgehog owners. However, ensuring that the food contains all the necessary nutrients required for your hedgehog’s growth and development is essential.


Insects are a great source of protein for hedgehogs. However, not all insects are safe for hedgehogs to eat. It is essential to ensure that the insects are free from pesticides, toxicants and other harmful chemicals.


what do hedgehogs eat and drink?

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables should be given in moderation as hedgehogs are not used to eating them in the wild. However, some fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, apples, and bananas, are safe for hedgehogs.

 Tips to Help you make Feeding your Hedgehog a Fun Experience

Feeding your hedgehog can be a fun experience for you and your pet. Here are several tips to help you make feeding time more enjoyable:

  1. Offer a variety of foods: Hedgehogs have a diverse diet in the wild, and they will appreciate having various food options. Offer a combination of commercial hedgehog food, fruits and fresh vegetables, and occasional treats such as cooked eggs or insects.
  2. Use feeding time as a bonding opportunity: Hedgehogs are social animals and enjoy interacting with their owners. Use feeding time to interact with your hedgehog by talking to them, petting them, and offering treats by hand.
  3. Create a feeding routine: Establish a regular feeding schedule for your hedgehog, preferably at the same time each day. This will help your hedgehog familiarize themself with the routine and anticipate feeding time.
  4. Offer food in different ways: Hedgehogs enjoy exploring their environment, so try offering food in different ways, such as hiding it in toys, placing it in different areas of the cage, or using food puzzles.
  5. Provide fresh water: Fresh water should always be available to your hedgehog. Use a water bottle attached to the side of the cage, and change the water daily to ensure it is clean and fresh.

By following these tips, you can make feeding time a fun and enjoyable experience for both you and your hedgehog.

 How to Tell if your Hedgehog is Getting the Right Amount of Food

It is essential to ensure that your hedgehog gets the right amount of food to maintain a healthy weight and prevent health problems. Here are some signs that your hedgehog is getting the right amount of food:

  1. Maintaining a healthy weight: Your hedgehog should have a round, firm body but not be overweight or underweight. You can monitor your hedgehog’s weight by regularly weighing them on a scale and adjusting their food intake.
  2. Regular bowel movements: Your hedgehog should have regular bowel movements that are firm and formed. If their stool is loose or watery, it may be a sign of overfeeding or a diet too high in fat.
  3. Active and alert: A well-fed hedgehog should be active and alert and have a good energy level. If your hedgehog seems lazy or disinterested in their environment, it may indicate an improper diet.
  4. Healthy skin and coat: A healthy diet will contribute to a shiny and smooth coat for your hedgehog, and their skin should be free of dryness, flakiness, or irritation.
  5. Drinking enough water: Your hedgehog should drink enough water to stay hydrated, which is essential for overall health. Ensure that clean, fresh water is always available to them.

By monitoring these signs, you can ensure that your hedgehog gets the right amount of food and maintains good health. If you have concerns about your hedgehog’s diet or health, consult a veterinarian specializing in exotic animals.


In conclusion, feeding your hedgehogs a balanced diet mimicking their natural diet is crucial for their health and happiness. Commercial hedgehog food, supplements, and various fruits and vegetables are all excellent options for feeding your pet. Additionally, establishing a feeding schedule and monitoring their weight is essential for maintaining their health. Following this article’s guidelines, you can provide your pet hedgehog with the nutrition they need to thrive.


 How often should you feed a hedgehog?

It would help to feed your hedgehog once to twice daily, depending on its age and needs. Young hedgehogs may require more frequent feedings, while adult hedgehogs may only need one daily meal. It’s essential to establish a feeding schedule and stick to it to prevent overfeeding and obesity.

 What should I feed my hedgehog?

A balanced diet for your hedgehog should include high-quality hedgehog food mixed with low-fat cat food. Look for a commercial hedgehog food that contains high-quality protein, such as chicken or turkey, and various fruits and vegetables. You can use supplement their diet with small amounts of cat food, which should be low in fat and contain high-quality protein.

 How much should I feed my hedgehog?

The amount you should feed your hedgehog depends on age, size, and individual needs. Generally, you should provide them approximately one to two tablespoons of high-quality commercial hedgehog food daily, supplemented with occasional treats such as fruits and vegetables. It’s important not to overfeed your hedgehog, as obesity can lead to health problems.


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