The African Pygmy Hedgehog

The African Pygmy Hedgehog, also known as the domesticated hedgehog, is a small and adorable animal that has become increasingly popular as a pet. In this blog post, we will explore the unique characteristics and care requirements of the African Pygmy Hedgehog.


The African Pygmy Hedgehog is the smallest species of hedgehog, growing to a length of only 5 to 8 inches and weighing between 10 and 24 ounces. They have a distinct appearance with their quills, which are short, dense and often banded in color. They also have a soft underbelly and a cute little nose. African Pygmy Hedgehogs come in a variety of colors, including albino, cinnamon, and salt and pepper.


African Pygmy Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, which means they are most active at night. During the day, they usually sleep in a hideaway or under a pile of blankets or fabric. They are solitary animals and prefer to live alone, but can tolerate being kept in pairs if introduced to each other at a young age. They are generally docile animals, but may show aggression if they feel threatened or uncomfortable. When threatened, they will roll into a ball to protect themselves.


African Pygmy Hedgehogs are omnivores and require a balanced diet of protein, fat, and fiber. In the wild, they eat insects, small mammals, and plant matter. In captivity, they are often fed a high-quality cat food that is formulated specifically for hedgehogs, along with insects such as mealworms and crickets. It is important to avoid feeding them sugary or fatty foods, as these can lead to obesity and other health problems.


African Pygmy Hedgehogs require a specialized habitat that provides them with plenty of space to move around, as well as hiding places to feel secure. They also need a warm environment, with temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. They are burrowing animals and require a substrate, such as aspen shavings or fleece, to dig in. It is also important to provide them with a wheel for exercise, as they are active animals and need to burn off excess energy.

Care and Maintenance

African Pygmy Hedgehogs require specialized care and maintenance to keep them healthy and happy. They require regular cleaning of their habitat, as well as frequent nail trimming and grooming. They also require regular veterinary check-ups to ensure they are healthy and free from any diseases or health problems. It is important to handle them gently and with care, as they are delicate animals and can be easily injured.

In conclusion, the African Pygmy Hedgehog is a unique and adorable pet that requires specialized care and attention. They are not suitable for everyone, but for those who are willing to invest the time and effort into caring for them, they can make wonderful companions. It is important to do your research and understand the requirements of these animals before bringing one into your home.