Everything to Know About Breeding a Hedgehog

hedgehog mate

If you’re considering breeding hedgehogs, there are several important things you need to know. Breeding hedgehogs requires a lot of time, effort, and patience. It’s important to understand the process of hedgehog breeding, the temperament of hedgehogs, and the responsibilities of a hedgehog breeder.

Firstly, it’s important to understand the difference between male and female hedgehogs. Male hedgehogs are typically larger than females and have a distinct bulge in their genital area. Female hedgehogs, on the other hand, have smaller genital areas and nipples. When breeding hedgehogs, it’s important to have a male and female that are healthy and of the appropriate age. Experienced breeders recommend waiting until the female hedgehog is at least 6 months old and weighs 450 grams and the male hedgehog is at least 8 months old and weighs 600 grams.

Another important aspect of hedgehog breeding is understanding the gestation period and what to expect during pregnancy. The gestation period for hedgehogs is typically around 35 days, and a female hedgehog can have anywhere from 1 to 7 babies. It’s important to provide a comfortable and safe environment for the pregnant hedgehog and to monitor her closely for any signs of complications. Additionally, it’s important to be prepared for the babies’ arrival and have a plan for caring for them once they are born.

hedgehog breeding

Hedgehog Breeding Basics

Choosing a Pair

When it comes to breeding hedgehogs, choosing the right pair is crucial. It’s important to choose healthy, unrelated hedgehogs with good temperaments. As experienced breeders, we recommend choosing male and female hedgehogs at least six months old and weighing at least 400 grams.

Preparing for Breeding

Before breeding your hedgehogs, it’s important to prepare their cages. The male cage should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected to prevent health issues. We also recommend placing the female’s cage next to the male’s cage to familiarize them with each other’s scents. Additionally, it’s important to ensure both hedgehogs are in good health and have received necessary vaccinations.

The Mating Process

When hedgehogs mate, it’s important to monitor their behavior closely. The female hedgehog may initially show signs of aggression towards the male, but this is normal. The mating process can last from a few minutes to a few hours. After mating, separating the hedgehogs is important to prevent any potential injuries. It’s important to note that not all mating attempts will result in pregnancy. If you are a hedgehog owner attempting to breed your pets, you must be prepared for the possibility of unsuccessful breeding attempts.

Additionally, it’s important to be aware of potential health issues such as wobbly hedgehog syndrome and to seek advice from experienced hedgehog breeders if necessary. Overall, breeding hedgehogs can be a rewarding experience for experienced breeders. However, it’s important to carefully consider the health and well being of both the male and female hedgehogs before attempting to breed them. The gestation period for hedgehogs is around 35 days, and litters can range from one to six babies. As always, it’s important to seek advice from experienced breeders and to be prepared for all possible outcomes.

Pregnancy and Birth

young hedgehog care

Gestation Period

After successful mating, a hedgehog’s gestation period lasts about 35-58 days. The gestation period can vary-depending on the hedgehog’s age, health, and breed. Experienced breeders can help determine the gestation period based on the breeding date and other factors.

Signs of Pregnancy

Female hedgehogs that are pregnant will show some physical and behavioral changes. They may become more restless, eat more, gain weight, and build a nest. Some hedgehogs may also experience morning sickness or wobbly hedgehog syndrome. It’s important to monitor your female hedgehog for these signs and consult with an experienced breeder or veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Preparing for Birth

Preparing a comfortable and safe space for your pregnant hedgehog to give birth is important. You should provide a nesting box with soft bedding, such as fleece or paper towels. Keep the nesting box in a quiet, warm area away from other hedgehogs and pets. You should also provide plenty of food and water for the mother hedgehog.

The Birth Process

During birth, the female hedgehog may become more agitated and vocal. The babies will be born one at a time, and the mother will clean them and eat the placenta. It’s important to give the mother hedgehog space and not interfere with the birthing process. After the birth, the mother hedgehog will care for and keep her babies warm and fed. You should monitor the mother and babies closely and consult with an experienced hedgehog breeder or veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Caring for Baby Hedgehogs

Feeding and Nutrition

When it comes to feeding baby hedgehogs, it’s important to provide them a balanced diet that meets all their nutritional needs. A good quality commercial hedgehog food can be used as a base, but it should be supplemented with other foods such as insects, fruits, and vegetables. It’s important to avoid feeding baby hedgehogs any foods high in fat, sugar, or salt, as these can harm their health.

Feeding baby hedgehogs can be tricky, as they have small mouths and can easily choke on large pieces of food. It’s best to offer them small, bite-sized pieces of food that they can easily manage. In addition, it’s important to provide them with fresh water at all times, either in a bowl or a water bottle.


Socialization is an important part of caring for baby hedgehogs. It’s important to handle them regularly from a young age so that they become used to human interaction. This will help ensure they are friendly and pleasant as they grow older.

It’s also important to provide baby hedgehogs with plenty of toys and gaming activities to keep them happy and entertained. This can include things like tunnels, balls, and chew toys. Providing them with a safe and stimulating environment will help ensure they are happy and healthy.

hoglets for sale

Hedgehog Health Concerns

Like all animals, baby hedgehogs can be susceptible to various health issues. It’s important to closely monitor their health and seek veterinary attention if you notice any signs of illness or injury.

One particular health concern is wobbly hedgehog syndrome, a neurological condition that can affect hedgehogs. This condition can cause a range of symptoms, including tremors, weakness, and loss of coordination. If you suspect your baby hedgehog may suffer from this condition, seeking veterinary attention is important.

As experienced hedgehog breeders, we understand the importance of properly caring for baby hedgehogs. From feeding and socialization to health concerns, we know what it takes to ensure these adorable little creatures thrive. Whether you’re a new hedgehog owner or an experienced breeder, we’re here to help you provide the best possible care for your little ones.

Breeding for Profit

Legal Considerations

When breeding hedgehogs for profit, it is important to consider the legal requirements in your area. Some states or countries may require a breeder’s license or permit, and failing to obtain one could result in legal consequences. Additionally, it is important to research any local laws regarding the sale of animals to ensure that you are operating within the law.

Marketing and Sales

Marketing and sales are crucial aspects of breeding hedgehogs for profit. Establishing a strong online presence, such as a website or social media accounts, is important to showcase your hedgehogs and attract potential buyers. You may also consider attending local pet hedgehogs shows or events to showcase your hedgehogs in person. When it comes to sales, it is important to be transparent about the lineage and health of your hedgehogs. Experienced hedgehog breeders often have a waiting list for their hedgehogs, so building a reputation as a responsible and knowledgeable breeder is important.

Profit and Risks

Breeding hedgehogs for profit can be lucrative, but focusing on the potential risks and expenses is important. Experienced breeders may charge $200 for a single hedgehog, but the cost of caring for and breeding hedgehogs can quickly add up. Additionally, there is always the risk of wobbly hedgehog syndrome, a genetic disorder that can affect baby hedgehogs. Considering the financial and ethical implications of breeding hedgehogs for profit is important. As responsible breeders, we prioritize the health and well-being of our hedgehogs and strive to provide loving homes for all the babies we produce.


Breeding hedgehogs for profit can be rewarding but requires careful consideration and dedication. By researching legal requirements, establishing a strong online presence, and prioritizing the health and well-being of your hedgehogs, you can become a successful hedgehog breeder.


How hard is it to breed hedgehogs?

Breeding hedgehogs requires a certain level of experience and knowledge. It is not recommended for beginners or inexperienced hedgehog owners. Experienced breeders can guide and support those interested in breeding their hedgehogs. Breeding hedgehogs can be challenging, and there are many factors to consider, such as genetics, temperament, and health. It is important to research and prepare before attempting to breed hedgehogs.

At what age can you breed a hedgehog?

Female hedgehogs can be bred once they reach six months of age, while male hedgehogs can be bred when they reach eight to nine months. It is important to wait until the hedgehogs are fully grown and mature before breeding them. Breeding hedgehogs too early can lead to health problems and complications.

How many times a year do hedgehogs breed?

Hedgehogs can breed multiple times a year, but it is recommended to breed them at most twice yearly to ensure their health and well-being. Breeding hedgehogs too frequently can lead to health problems and complications.

How many babies can a hedgehog have?

Hedgehogs can have litters of four to six babies on average, but they can have up to ten babies. It is important and crucial to be prepared for all the babies and have the necessary supplies and resources to care for them.

How long does it take hedgehogs to mate?

Hedgehogs can mate anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. It is important to monitor the mating process and ensure that the male and female hedgehogs are compatible and have a good hedgehog temperament towards each other. If the hedgehogs are incompatible, separating them and trying again with a different partner is recommended. As experienced hedgehog breeders, we understand the importance of responsibly and carefully breeding hedgehogs. Breeding hedgehogs requires a lot of time, effort, and resources, and it is important to have the necessary knowledge and experience before attempting to breed them. It also needs to be aware of potential health issues, such as wobbly hedgehog syndrome, and to work with experienced breeders to ensure the health and well-being of the hedgehogs.